Hyperbaric oxygen therapy combined with neurorehabilitation is a unique concept, one-of-a-kind in Europe.
Patients with cerebral palsy, craniocerebral injuries, traumatic brain injury, or after a stroke can resort to hyperbaric oxygenation as an additional treatment to the renowned space medicine therapy.
During the hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO therapy), the body receives oxygen under increased pressure. The body thus “awakens through breathing” in the hyperbaric chamber. The so-called dormant neurons are reactivated in the central nervous system. This increases the capacity of the brain to learn and the musculoskeletal system becomes “more apt and willing to learn” and can thus withstand a higher load. The subsequent training and the new information are then better “anchored” in the brain. This is how the central nervous system learns the proper movement patterns.
Univ. Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c.mult. Franz Gerstenbrand of Franz Karl-Landsteiner Institute, a specialist in space medicine, along with the medical personnel from the ADELI Center, have created a new concept of therapy: “The concept comes from the U.S., where the combination of proprioception with hyperbaric oxygenation has already proved itself and medical studies, in which I have been involved, were already published. It is exactly neurorehabilitation that is based on an innovative combination of therapies, where we can expect improvements in patients. ADELI Center is a pioneer in the unique combination of these methods in the rehabilitation of patients with damage to the central nervous system in Europe.”
HBOT and Neurological Disorders
HBOT improves cerebral microcirculation and brain metabolism, reduces brain swelling, increases permeability of the blood-brain membranes and maintains the activity of partially damaged tissues. At the same time, it has a preventive effect on the progression of brain lesions against secondary effects.
The use of HBOT reduces spasticity and visual, hearing and speech impairments. Although improvements are different for each individual patient, using a combination of HBOT, rehabilitation and other complementary methods often produces significant improvements in health condition.
These show an improvement in the health condition from 40 to 100%. There is a significant reduction of spasticity by improving the function of neurons in the affected brain regions and a rise of partial oxygen pressure in the hypoxic muscle. Furthermore, mental and cognitive performance increases considerably.
Traumatic Brain Injury
HBOT reduces inner cranial pressure, but at the same time, provides high doses of oxygen to the brain tissue. This interrupts the cycle of ischemia, hypoxia, edema and accumulation of free radicals. The aerobic metabolism improves; lactation is reduced, and there is an increase of creatine phosphate and ATP in the brain. Under the influence of the HBO, the oxygen supply in the affected area increases.
Treatment in combination with intensive rehabilitation in the ADELI suit
The combination of hyperbaric oxygen therapy and the ADELI rehabilitation programme is usually 3 or 4-week treatment stay. Part of the treatment plan is an individually tailored programme combining neurorehabilitation and hyperbaric oxygenation on the basis of a thorough assessment of patient’s health status. For each patient, exposures in hyperbaric chamber are either daily (exceptionally even twice a day) or every other day. The results achieved by our patients confirm the effectiveness of this combination. HBOT has thus brought a new hope to many of our patients suffering from neurological disorders.