Treatment method during which the patient breathes pure medical oxygen in a setting with higher pressure than atmospheric pressure.
HBOT is based on the laws of physics that apply to gases and liquids
- Pascal’s Law
- Dalton’s Law
- Boyle – Marriott Law
- Henry’s Law
- Polytropic process
- Air Humidity
Air contains 21% oxygen and 78% nitrogen. During the hyperbaric oxygen therapy, the inhaled oxygen concentration is close to 100%, and is thus 5 times higher than in the air we breathe normally. At the same time, the operating pressure in the hyperbaric chamber 2.5 to 3 times higher than the atmospheric pressure. These differences enable the body to take up to 15 times more oxygen than in the normal atmospheric pressure.
Besides the fact that the red blood cells carry the oxygen, under this increased pressure, the solubility of oxygen in other body fluid rises about 15 times, which does not happen under normal conditions. There is a dramatic increase of the oxygen solubility in the blood plasma, in the lymph fluid, in the intestines, in the cerebrospinal fluid and the oxygen uptake in the tissues. Increased oxygen helps reparation and growth processes in the body and leads to re-oxygenation of the damaged areas and inactive cells, even in areas of brain that are no longer supplied with blood. After brain injury, stroke, and hypoxic brain damage, the damaged brain cells are lost, but all around the site of injury, there are intact inactive cells, the so called “idling neurons”. Hyperbaric oxygenation reactivates the dormant neurons, and the restoration of certain brain functions is made possible
The therapy is painless, non-invasive and with a proper, in-depth, individual and professional medical screening before and during therapy, it is absolutely safe. It is performed in a hyperbaric chamber.